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The CESD attended the Labour Migration Stakeholders meeting at Thingaha Hotel, Nay Pyi Taw. The event was organised by The Ministry of Labour, Immigration and Population (MOLIP) and the International Labour Organisation (ILO), and was supported by the Australian Department of Foreign Affairs (DFAT), Global Affairs Canada (GAC), Developing International Internal Migration Governance (DILM) and Livelihood and Food Security Trust Fund (LIFT).
During February, the Centre for Economic and Social Development (CESD) collaborated on research with the World Bank during field visits in Yangon and Ayeyarwaddy in Myanmar. The field visits collected inputs for the World Bank’s ongoing Migration and Labour Mobility research. The research aims to promote jobs and facilitate labour mobility in Myanmar by deepening the policy dialogue, with a particular focus on labour mobility as a source of employment and productivity growth within the ASEAN region.
The Centre for Economic and Social Development (CESD) recently attended the 3rd Stakeholders Forum on Labour Law Reform and Institutional Capacity Building in Nay Pyi Taw. Hosted by the International Labour Organization and sponsored by the European Union, the forum brought together a variety of stakeholders such as labour unions, business representatives, government ministries, and international organizations contributing to the ongoing labour reforms in Myanmar.
Myanmar’s International Migration Day event on the 18th of December 2017 in Nay Pyi Taw was attended by representatives including Union Ministers, Deputy Ministers, Pyithu Hluttaw and Amyotha Hluttaw representatives, heads of departments, diplomats, personnel from United Nations, international non-government organizations and officials. The event was themed “Safe Migration in World on the Move” and showcased Myanmar’s active participation in global agreements on safe, systematic and legal migration in 2018. A multitude of stakeholders examined findings from research organizations and civil society to create strategies to ensure safe, secure and legal migration and extend services to migrants to facilitate better livelihoods through evidence-based policy reforms.
CESD’s demographic research surveys in Mon State in 2015 revealed some startling figures on migration – nearly half of all households surveyed had sent at least one person to live and work in Thailand. Dr Zaw Oo, CESD Executive Director, discusses the research results, and the impact of these, in an article in the Nikkei Asian Review on 23 June 2016. To manage this trend, Dr Zaw Oo proposes a long-term compact between Thailand and Myanmar, based on the concept of “circular migration.” Such a compact could help Myanmar migrants in Thailand integrate better, providing better and higher-skilled manpower, while also assisting migrants when they return to Myanmar.
Who are Myanmar’s potential labour migrants, which countries are they hoping to work in, and what are their motivations for working overseas? Myanmar’s Ministry of Labour, Employment and Social Security (MOLES) estimated that as much as 10 per cent of the Myanmar labour force is employed overseas (2012), yet little is known about the situation of migrant workers before they migrate.
Who are Myanmar’s potential labour migrants, which countries are they hoping to work in, and what are their motivations for working overseas? (more…)