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Data analysis from CESD’s Mon State Rural Household Survey (2015) is presented in a research report (July 2016) that identifies options for more balanced growth in Mon State, “leading to a vibrant economy in which returning migrants can invest and find employment.” The research report, prepared by CESD, in partnership with the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) and Michigan State University (MSU), provides a set of initial recommendations for the establishment of a rural development strategy for Mon State. The recommendations are in two broad areas: (1) stimulating growth in agriculture and sustainable management of natural resources, and (2) providing public infrastructure and services that strengthen the enabling environment.
CESD’s Labor Market Reform Working Paper No. 1/2016 identifies three focus areas for policy makers to ensure an effective implementation of the recent minimum wage system, namely:
- ensuring that businesses comply with the new minimum wage law and government agencies enforce the law;
- monitoring and measuring the impacts of the minimum wage policy on different variables, including formal jobs, informal employment, wage levels, wage distribution, poverty, and social welfare;
- ongoing reviews and adjustments to the minimum wage system, to ensure it remains relevant and appropriate under changing economic and social conditions.
CESD, in partnership with IDRC have produced a short documentary on the recent process to establish a minimum wage in Myanmar.
CESD’s labour market research has been reported in Asia Research News 2016, a publication from ResearchSEA Limited. The article notes that a key challenge for labour reform in Myanmar is to balance improvements in wages and working conditions against industry’s need to retain a competitive edge.
Enterprise survey preliminary findings presented to Ministry of Labor, Employment and Social Security (MoLES)
CESD presented the preliminary findings of their enterprise survey, which looked at labour market issues in the garment and food processing sectors, to the Ministry of Labor, Employment and Social Security on 27 January 2016. Issues included the low levels of labor representation, signs of worker dissatisfaction (as reflected in quite a high incidence of strikes), the gap between actual wages and the new minimum wage (the survey was conducted prior to the establishment of a minimum wage), high labor turnover rates, limited investment in human capital development, and firms’ difficulties in finding skilled labor. The IDRC-funded research found that the greatest challenge for businesses was the ability to access skilled labor, followed by access to a reliable electricity supply.
MDRI-CESD supported research and analysis of the use of the social security scheme, the sole health insurance scheme in Myanmar. (more…)