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The CESD Labour Team presented research results on labour relations and regional economic integration of private enterprises to Masters of Public Administration (MPA) students at the Yangon University of Economics (Kamaryut Campus) in August 2016.
CESD’s Labor Team is providing training and capacity building to graduating students from the Yangon University of Economics as they prepare to undertake research on the socio-economic impacts of the minimum wage. A legal minimum wage was introduced in Myanmar in September 2015. It’s impact on employees and employers will be the focus of the research undertaken by the University of Economics students.
Since the establishment of Myanmar’s minimum wage in September 2015 (at 3,600 kyat per 8-hour day), CESD has monitored the challenges facing the implementation of the minimum wage law, and the opportunities for more effective implementation. CESD is also undertaking a legal review of labour laws related to Myanmar’s minimum wage, including the Employment and Skill Development Law, 2013, and Social Security Law, 2012.
To support this review, CESD has been meeting with representatives from different levels of government, workers organizations and industrial zones to discuss the challenges facing labour law implementation.
In May 2016, CESD brought together representatives from Hlegu Township’s farming, labour, education, and business associations, media and civil society for a round-table discussion on Hlegu’s economic development. The discussion was part of CESD’s work with the International Growth Centre to undertake research and provide recommendations to address development challenges in Hlegu Township.
Promoting dialogue on effective public financial management across union, state and region governments
Recent reforms in Myanmar have lead to state and region governments having greater financial resources and responsibilities. Research undertaken by CESD, working with Ministry of Finance and supported by the Japan International Coopration Agency (JICA), supports greater transparency on how states and regions understand and undertake these responsibilities. The research findings, and policy recommendations, were discussed at a workshop for public finance management officials in Nay Pyi Taw on 17 February 2016.
CESD’s research involved interviews with a range of union, state and region public financial management officials in late 2015 and early 2016. The outcomes from the targeted interviews enabled a greater understanding of how public financial management operates at each level of government, the challenges faced, the important relationships used, and the governance and financial transparency arrangements in place. The results from the survey, and the CESD and JICA recommendations to improve public financial management in Myanmar, were presented for discussion at a workshop for public officials in Nay Pyi Taw on 17 February 2016.
Dr Zaw Oo, CESD Executive Director and host of the workshop, said that it was important to bring public financial management representatives across the different levels of government together to discuss the research results. “The workshop further informs the collective understanding of Myanmar’s more decentralised public financial management system. Participants have been encouraged to share their successes and challenges, and focus on future goals and reforms.”
The research into public financial management and subsequent workshop were sponsored by the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), and support an agreement between JICA and the Ministry of Finance (MOF) to further improve implementation of Japan’s Official Development Assistance (ODA) projects in various states and regions of Myanmar.
Download a copy of the press release via the following links:
The press release, and additional photos, are also available on the JICA website.