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There have been limited research studies that explore the intrinsic link between Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) and the promotion of decent work in Myanmar. However, a collaborative effort between the Centre for Economic and Social Development (CESD) and International Labour Organization (ILO) has made it possible to understand this relationship.
The research study, From Extractive to Non-Extractive Based Foreign Investment: An Analysis on the Impact of Foreign Direct Investment and Decent Work Conditions in Myanmar aims to shed light on how FDI trends in Myanmar have an impact on decent work.
The research study presents five areas of decent work are presented which include, employment opportunities, skills development and enhancement, equality at the work place, social protection and social dialogue.
For each area, substantial findings are presented based off stakeholders‟ perspectives and the current initiatives taking place in Myanmar.
CESD, in partnership with the Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA) and the Institute of Southeast Asian Studies – Yusof Ishak Institute (ISEAS), undertook research on Myanmar SME’s Participation in ASEAN and East Asian Regional Economic Integration. The topic specifically focused on Myanmar’s food processing and apparel manufacturing sectors, seeking to understand Myanmar’s macroeconomic integration with the World, East Asia, and ASEAN region, the similarities between Myanmar’s SMEs and others around the world, and the role of SMEs in Myanmar compared to the world.
CESD-MSU Survey Quantitatively Measures Hopes of Rural Residents in Mon State through Three Essential Elements – Aspirations, Agency and Pathways
Attempting to quantitatively measure the hopes of rural residents in Myanmar’s Mon State, the Centre for Economic and Social Development (CESD) and Michigan State University (MSU) executed a household survey in the region in March 2016.
CESD, in partnership with the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), undertook research into the existing state of subnational public finances and intergovernmental relationships to help build knowledge on the current state of fiscal decentralization in Myanmar, and to promote dialogue on the challenges and opportunities faced by Myanmar’s Union and subnational governments with public financial management reform.
For decades, Myanmar’s economic system was characterized by economic isolation and central planning. Today, however, as Myanmar is in the middle of a far-reaching political and economic transition, it is leaving this past behind. For Myanmar’s enterprises, and Small and Medium Sizes Enterprises (SMEs) in particular, the opening of the country’s economy in general and the intensification of regional economic integration more specifically, most notably through the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Economic Community (AEC), bring both opportunities and challenges.
Data analysis from CESD’s Mon State Rural Household Survey (2015) is presented in a research report (July 2016) that identifies options for more balanced growth in Mon State, “leading to a vibrant economy in which returning migrants can invest and find employment.” The research report, prepared by CESD, in partnership with the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) and Michigan State University (MSU), provides a set of initial recommendations for the establishment of a rural development strategy for Mon State. The recommendations are in two broad areas: (1) stimulating growth in agriculture and sustainable management of natural resources, and (2) providing public infrastructure and services that strengthen the enabling environment.
CESD, in partnership with the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) and Michigan State University (MSU), analysed the substantial challenges facing the rural economy in Mon State, and report “there is good reason for optimism if the Mon State and Union governments can work together with the private sector, including farmers, to develop a vibrant rural economy that raises rural incomes and improves the welfare of the rural population.”
CESD’s recent working paper on the implementation of Myanmar’s new minimum wage features in the ARTNeT August 2016 newsletter. ARTNeT is the Asia-Pacific Research and Training Network on Trade, a network of leading trade research institutions and think-tanks, with a community of more than 1,000 individual researchers from across the Asia-Pacific region. CESD has been an active member of ARTNeT since May 2016.
Examining the issues related to women living in poverty in Myanmar, this short paper shares Myanmar’s experience on poverty reduction and inclusive growth as a means of alleviating poverty for women in Myanmar.