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There have been limited research studies that explore the intrinsic link between Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) and the promotion of decent work in Myanmar. However, a collaborative effort between the Centre for Economic and Social Development (CESD) and International Labour Organization (ILO) has made it possible to understand this relationship.
The research study, From Extractive to Non-Extractive Based Foreign Investment: An Analysis on the Impact of Foreign Direct Investment and Decent Work Conditions in Myanmar aims to shed light on how FDI trends in Myanmar have an impact on decent work.
The research study presents five areas of decent work are presented which include, employment opportunities, skills development and enhancement, equality at the work place, social protection and social dialogue.
For each area, substantial findings are presented based off stakeholders‟ perspectives and the current initiatives taking place in Myanmar.
In July 11 2019, CESD has conducted a round-table consultations and the representatives from Social Security Board (SSB), employers, workers, development partners, academics and experts who are interested in ongoing labour market reforms attended. The consultations took place in Yangon with the support of Canada’s International Development Research Centre (IDRC). The aiming of the round-table consultation this time is to receive feedback and suggestions from the attendees under two main area of the center’s labor market reforms studies. (more…)
The CESD attended the Labour Migration Stakeholders meeting at Thingaha Hotel, Nay Pyi Taw. The event was organised by The Ministry of Labour, Immigration and Population (MOLIP) and the International Labour Organisation (ILO), and was supported by the Australian Department of Foreign Affairs (DFAT), Global Affairs Canada (GAC), Developing International Internal Migration Governance (DILM) and Livelihood and Food Security Trust Fund (LIFT).
The CESD participated in the forum, “Why GSP is Essential for Decent Work and Industrial Peace”, where The CESD’s Executive Director, Dr. Zaw Oo, gave a presentation demonstrating evidence as to why the Generalised System of Preferences (GSP) is essential for Myanmar’s continued sustenance in socio-economic reforms and development. The forum was organised by the UMFCCI-Union of Myanmar Federation of Chambers of Commerce and Industry and Ctum Myanmar (Confederation of Trade Unions of Myanmar), with the objective of discussing possible consequences of GSP withdrawal and counter-arguments for it to remain.
Following the publication of reports on labour market reform by the Centre for Economic and Social, CESD is continuing to present opportunities for dialogue exchange within the sector. On Friday the 16thof November, a seminar on Labour Market Reforms was held at the Union of Myanmar Federation of Chambers of Commerce and Industry (UMFCCI) in Yangon.
The Centre for Economic and Social Development (CESD), in conjunction with the Ministry of Labour, Immigration and Population (MoLIP), presented findings on the labour industry in Myanmar on the 20th of September 2018 at Thingaha Hotel, Nay Pyi Taw.
A joint effort between CESD and the Social Protection and Jobs team at the World Bank Myanmar resulted in rapid assessments across 6 regions across Myanmar in the span of 3 months. The recent field visit to both Mon and Kayin States marked the final phase of a series of assessments aimed at understanding the labor mobility patterns within Myanmar. These efforts are geared towards developing effective labour policies that are reflective of the current situation in the country which also answers the needs of the communities.
The month of March marked the completion of the 2nd phase of the Joint World Bank-CESD study on labour mobility in Myanmar. During a 2 week visit to the Dry Zone region in Mandalay and Magway, our research teams conducted interviews and focus group discussions (FDGs) with migrant workers, members of migrant households, government officials and representatives from the Civil Society Organisations. The study is focused on understanding the current labour mobility patterns and the migration process in order to develop strategies that promote jobs and effectively manage local and international labour mobility.
On Monday, 5 March, the Centre for Economic and Social Development (CESD) participated in the National Steering Committee for Minimum Wage meeting at the Ministry of Labour, Immigration, and Populations (MoLIP). The meeting was the culmination of nearly two years of hard work to determine Myanmar’s next minimum wage. The hard work paid off; widespread consensus was reached on the next minimum wage fixing and future consultations were set to discuss researching the policy’s impacts.