Home » Labour market reform
Category Archives: Labour market reform
Titled “Myanmar Labour Issues from the Perspective of Enterprises: Findings from a CESD survey among food processing and garment manufacturing businesses”, CESD’s latest report intends to help bridge the information gap in Myanmar’s labour market, based on an extensive survey of garment manufacturing and food processing sectors.
CESD Labour Team Presented Findings from Enterprise Survey and Causes and Consequences of Migration to Key Stakeholders
On the 5th of October, CESD Labour Team went to Ministry of Industry (MoI) in the afternoon to present findings from Enterprise Survey conducted in June 2015. Director General Daw Aye Aye Win from Ministry of Industry attended the presentation with three of her fellows and entered discussion with CESD Labour Team after the presentation.
CESD Labour Team Organised Survey Methodology Training at Ministry of Labour, Immigration and Population
The Centre for Economic and Social Development (CESD) Labour Team, in collaboration with Ministry of Labour, Immigration and Population (MoLIP) and support from International Development Research Centre (IDRC-Canada), organised 4 days Survey Methodology Training at MoLIP, Nay Pyi Taw, from 4th to 7th October 2016.
CESD’s recent working paper on the implementation of Myanmar’s new minimum wage features in the ARTNeT August 2016 newsletter. ARTNeT is the Asia-Pacific Research and Training Network on Trade, a network of leading trade research institutions and think-tanks, with a community of more than 1,000 individual researchers from across the Asia-Pacific region. CESD has been an active member of ARTNeT since May 2016.
The CESD Labour Team presented research results on labour relations and regional economic integration of private enterprises to Masters of Public Administration (MPA) students at the Yangon University of Economics (Kamaryut Campus) in August 2016.
CESD’s Labor Market Reform Working Paper No. 1/2016 identifies three focus areas for policy makers to ensure an effective implementation of the recent minimum wage system, namely:
- ensuring that businesses comply with the new minimum wage law and government agencies enforce the law;
- monitoring and measuring the impacts of the minimum wage policy on different variables, including formal jobs, informal employment, wage levels, wage distribution, poverty, and social welfare;
- ongoing reviews and adjustments to the minimum wage system, to ensure it remains relevant and appropriate under changing economic and social conditions.
CESD’s Labor Team is providing training and capacity building to graduating students from the Yangon University of Economics as they prepare to undertake research on the socio-economic impacts of the minimum wage. A legal minimum wage was introduced in Myanmar in September 2015. It’s impact on employees and employers will be the focus of the research undertaken by the University of Economics students.
Since the establishment of Myanmar’s minimum wage in September 2015 (at 3,600 kyat per 8-hour day), CESD has monitored the challenges facing the implementation of the minimum wage law, and the opportunities for more effective implementation. CESD is also undertaking a legal review of labour laws related to Myanmar’s minimum wage, including the Employment and Skill Development Law, 2013, and Social Security Law, 2012.
To support this review, CESD has been meeting with representatives from different levels of government, workers organizations and industrial zones to discuss the challenges facing labour law implementation.
CESD’s demographic research surveys in Mon State in 2015 revealed some startling figures on migration – nearly half of all households surveyed had sent at least one person to live and work in Thailand. Dr Zaw Oo, CESD Executive Director, discusses the research results, and the impact of these, in an article in the Nikkei Asian Review on 23 June 2016. To manage this trend, Dr Zaw Oo proposes a long-term compact between Thailand and Myanmar, based on the concept of “circular migration.” Such a compact could help Myanmar migrants in Thailand integrate better, providing better and higher-skilled manpower, while also assisting migrants when they return to Myanmar.