Since May 2017, the Centre for Economic and Social Development (CESD) and International Growth Centre (IGC) have conducted research in Myanmar on the socio-economic conditions of hand pickers; freelance jade collectors who parse discarded soil and rocks from industrial mining. Many believe there are between 200,000-400,000 individuals working in the artisanal jade industry in Myanmar, with many self-employed as independent hand pickers. The research focuses on pickers who work shoulder to shoulder on the steep sides of towering loose rock formations. Landslides, malaria, and other hazards claim the lives of many pickers, however, individuals from all over Myanmar are driven by the allure of fortune to the hazardous occupation.
On 9 and 10 December, The Union of Myanmar Federations Chambers of Commerce and Industry (UMFCCI) held its second annual convention. Bringing together representatives of UMFCCI’s 30,000 members, the convention was a 2-day workshop filled with keynote speeches and discussions seeking to identify and synergize Myanmar’s business community’s efforts and goals. During the convention, the community established 2018’s national business agenda.
During the convention, CESD’s Chief of the Board of Directors, Dr. U Myint, presented a powerful keynote speech on the state of Myanmar’s economy, calling on the Myanmar government to focus on the economy alongside the peace process.
The CESD has been very active engaging in reforms across Myanmar, participating in several workshops, trainings and events over the last quarter (October – December 2017). Please find a short summary of our key activities in the CESD 2017 Q4 Newsletter. CESD 2017 Q4 Newsletter
On Tuesday, 31st October the Centre for Economic and Social Development (CESD) was proud to attend the stakeholder consultation of the Myanmar Sustainable Aquaculture Programme (MYSAP) hosted by MoALI, the German International Cooperation (GIZ), Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock, and Irrigation (MoALI), and European Union (EU). The Programme is a jointly implemented project between the Myanmar Department of Fisheries (DoF) and GIZ served with working with farmers, Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs), Government and Non-Governmental Organizations, the private sector, academia and other stakeholder members of the aquaculture value chain to sustainably increase Myanmar’s aquaculture. The Programme is funded by the EU and German Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development.
CESD Report on Myanmar SMEs Participation in ASEAN and East Asian Regional Economic Integration.
For decades, Myanmar’s economic system was characterized by economic isolation and central planning. Today, however, as Myanmar is in the middle of a far-reaching political and economic transition, it is leaving this past behind. For Myanmar’s enterprises, and Small and Medium Sizes Enterprises (SMEs) in particular, the opening of the country’s economy in general and the intensification of regional economic integration more specifically, most notably through the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Economic Community (AEC), bring both opportunities and challenges.
CESD, in partnership with the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) and Michigan State University (MSU), analysed the substantial challenges facing the rural economy in Mon State, and report “there is good reason for optimism if the Mon State and Union governments can work together with the private sector, including farmers, to develop a vibrant rural economy that raises rural incomes and improves the welfare of the rural population.”
CESD is a contributing partner to the The Global Poverty Reduction Inclusive Growth (GPIG) Portal, established as a means of sharing poverty reduction knowledge and best practice in the region and around the world. As part of CESD’s role in sharing knowledge and expertise in the region, CESD was confirmed as moderator for the “Gender and poverty” category page, and Myanmar country page of the GPIG portal in July 2016.
Examining the issues related to women living in poverty in Myanmar, this short paper shares Myanmar’s experience on poverty reduction and inclusive growth as a means of alleviating poverty for women in Myanmar.