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Since May 2017, the Centre for Economic and Social Development (CESD) and International Growth Centre (IGC) have conducted research in Myanmar on the socio-economic conditions of hand pickers; freelance jade collectors who parse discarded soil and rocks from industrial mining. Many believe there are between 200,000-400,000 individuals working in the artisanal jade industry in Myanmar, with many self-employed as independent hand pickers. The research focuses on pickers who work shoulder to shoulder on the steep sides of towering loose rock formations. Landslides, malaria, and other hazards claim the lives of many pickers, however, individuals from all over Myanmar are driven by the allure of fortune to the hazardous occupation.
CESD has organized four workshops across Myanmar to solicit discussion and debate between stakeholders on the status of food and agriculture in Myanmar, especially food security, nutrition, land, and livelihoods. The workshops are part of an ongoing nation-wide dialogue on inadequacies and opportunities in Myanmar’s food and agriculture industry. The four workshops have served a multi-tiered role addressing policy shortcomings at the national and state levels, as well as coordinating public and private sector coordination to improve key agriculture sectors. (more…)
On Tuesday, 31st October the Centre for Economic and Social Development (CESD) was proud to attend the stakeholder consultation of the Myanmar Sustainable Aquaculture Programme (MYSAP) hosted by MoALI, the German International Cooperation (GIZ), Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock, and Irrigation (MoALI), and European Union (EU). The Programme is a jointly implemented project between the Myanmar Department of Fisheries (DoF) and GIZ served with working with farmers, Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs), Government and Non-Governmental Organizations, the private sector, academia and other stakeholder members of the aquaculture value chain to sustainably increase Myanmar’s aquaculture. The Programme is funded by the EU and German Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development.
CESD, in partnership with the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), undertook research into the existing state of subnational public finances and intergovernmental relationships to help build knowledge on the current state of fiscal decentralization in Myanmar, and to promote dialogue on the challenges and opportunities faced by Myanmar’s Union and subnational governments with public financial management reform.
The Open Myanmar Initiative (OMI), a nonprofit orginization promoting the right to information and education, recently launched their online budget dashboard, providing access to up-to-date budget data from the Union and State and Region governments. The project was lead by Giles Dickenson-Jones, CESD Research Fellow, as part of the State and Region Public Finances in Myanmar report.
The initial research paper on state and region governments, prepared by CESD and The Asia Foundation (TAF) and released in September 2013, continues to support discussions on the operations of state and region governments, and the challenges and opportunities they face. The state and region governments were established under the 2008 Constitution and experienced significant changes to their composition following the 2015 elections.
CESD’s Myanmar Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (MEITI) team provided expertise and support to recent training in Nay Pyi Taw on resource governance and contract negotiation in the extractive industries. Myanmar has extensive natural resources. How these natural resources are managed, and how contracts are negotiated, will determine whether they deliver benefits and inclusive development to Myanmar.
In May 2016, CESD brought together representatives from Hlegu Township’s farming, labour, education, and business associations, media and civil society for a round-table discussion on Hlegu’s economic development. The discussion was part of CESD’s work with the International Growth Centre to undertake research and provide recommendations to address development challenges in Hlegu Township.