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A discussion paper by Oxfam on public financial management in Myanmar looks at the challenges and opportunities for public financial management reform, and the role that development actors can play in promoting inclusive reform. The discussion paper also looks at the role of public financial management in deepening social accountability, and in promoting legitimate governance. CESD’s research in public financial management, undertaken jointly with The Asia Foundation, is referenced in Oxfam’s paper.
The Asia Foundation, together with CESD, launched their report “Conceptualizing public sector reform in Myanmar” on 7 July 2015. The Asia Foundation Country Representative, Kim N. B. Ninh, said the report is important for bringing together different voices and approaches for the ongoing conversation about public sector reform in Myanmar.
The Government of Myanmar’s fiscal management objectives, outlined in the Framework for Economic and Social Reforms (2013), include plans for an increasing proportion of government spending on health and education, and a decline in spending on the military. The government has also recognized the need to reduce reliance on resource revenues and to prioritize tax policy and tax administration reform.
CESD Executive Director, U Zaw Oo, recently lead training sessions for senior civil servants on a range of good governance, public accountability and public administration topics. Fifty senior civil servants completed the six-week training period in Nay Pyi Taw, aimed at building the capacity of the bureaucracy to develop and implement public policy.
CESD’s Senior Research Fellow, Tin Maung Than, was one of six experts presenting at The Asia Foundation’s Asian Perspectives Series, “Asian regional architecture: steps towards ASEAN integration”, held on 4 February 2015.
Secure and just land tenure, and sound management of land and natural resources are crucial to easing conflicts between farmers, the State, and extractive industries. This paper underlines that Myanmar cannot hope to achieve inclusive social and economic development without a just and comprehensive framework that protects the land rights of small farmers, ethnic minorities, and the poor.
A discussion paper series examining the decentralisation process in Myanmar – including the political, administrative, and fiscal aspects of decentralization – provides timely research on subnational governance issues to inform ongoing policy and reform processes.
The General Administration Department (GAD) of the Ministry of Home Affairs (MoHA) plays a wide range of roles, ranging from tax collection, to land management, and various registration and certification processes. The GAD also supports coordination and communication among the Union of Myanmar’s 36 government ministries, and connects the capital of Nay Pyi Taw to approximately 3,133 urban wards and 13,620 village tracts (representing 63,938 villages across Myanmar).
This program brief describes the training needs assessment, training program design and implementation for reforming Myanmar’s public financial management, conducted by The Asia Foundation, VNG International, and CESD.
It provides observations from the needs assessment and training sessions, and highlights key capacity needs in public financial management at the state and region level. It concludes with recommendations for continuing approaches on public financial management reform.