In July 11 2019, CESD has conducted a round-table consultations and the representatives from Social Security Board (SSB), employers, workers, development partners, academics and experts who are interested in ongoing labour market reforms attended. The consultations took place in Yangon with the support of Canada’s International Development Research Centre (IDRC). The aiming of the round-table consultation this time is to receive feedback and suggestions from the attendees under two main area of the center’s labor market reforms studies.
From the first main finding on the obstacle of the migrant workers in urban area facing the problem of accessing affordable housing, adequate rental facilities resulted high costs of migration and with the consequence of the obstacles that created the exploitation of young migrant workers and the risks of sexual violation against vulnerable female migrants. Social Security Board has been exploring housing and rental facility programs for the workers living in peri-urban area together with Yangon Regional Government, and CESD plans to provide needs and gaps analysis to provide feasibility studies as well as migration-oriented solutions to support the initiative.
The second finding on the minimum wage and other external economic conditions have reduced training budget of firms in the garment sector where slow implementation of national skill certification has also disincentive workers from investing in training programs. The government has taken an initiative to roll out onsite skill assessment programs to certify the skill levels of workers in pilot areas and the CESD plans to provide research and technical assistance to have baseline information, to monitor the gaps in the program and to evaluate impact of the initiative.
The attendees provided constructive feedback and CESD has gather the feedback and comments for the improvement of the studies.