As part of CESD’s commitment to improve the research capacity of civil servants and other key polic-markers in Myanmar, the CESD was invited by the CTMU to provide training on Research Methods and Strategies. The CESD held a 2 day training with the collaboration of CTMU was held at the IBIS Hotel located in Tamwe Township from 23rd-24th September, 2017. Ms. Yu Yu Lwin, Research Assistant, Mr. Aung Htun, Policy Associate and Mr. Min Zarni Lin, Deputy Director of Research provided training across the 2 days on research methods and strategies. Ms. Yu Yu Lwin gave a lecture on “Focus Groups Discussion, Key Informant Interview and Personal Interviewer” where she described the methods of data collection such as Observation Methods, and Interview Methods (Personal Interview and Telephone Interviews). She continued to point out the strengths and weaknesses of “Focus Groups Discussion” and in the section on “Key Informant Interview”, she portrayed how to get the information from the key people such as teachers, local influencers, etc. The participants were also provided further info about data collection methods and participated in interesting group exercises as part of the training.
Following her lecture, Mr. Aung Htun continued by giving a lecture on “Research Method Training”. During his lecture, he defined the topic of research as a studious inquiry or examination; especially investigation or experimentation aimed at the discovery and interpretation of facts, revision of accepted theories or laws in the light of new facts, or practical application of such new or revised theories or laws. He explained crucial concepts of the research process such as hypothesis formulation, sampling, etc. Additionally, he explained two ways of approaches to research which included “Inductive Approach: Bottom-up Approach” and “Deductive Approach: Top-down Approach” besides several others. The participants also had the chance to reflect and discuss about their understanding of the research process and clarify their concerns/questions.
Mr. Min Zarni Linn gave a lecture on “Research Process and Methodology” on the 2nd day of training wherein he elucidated the stages of research process in detail. He then explained about the research problems by attributing it to a famous proverb of Albert Einstein: “If I had an hour to solve a problem I’d spend 55 minutes thinking about the problem and 5 minutes thinking about solutions.” Furthermore, the participants had the chance to listen to him present about factors that influence participant’s learning of development studies and the four steps of the interview process.
The 2 day training provided by CESD in collaboration with CTMU was part of CESD’s commitment to provide research and data skills to different stakeholders of Myanmar that reflects CESD’s objective of enabling a more evidence-based approach to decision making and policy formulation.