The Centre for Economic and Social Development (CESD) in Myanmar, Michigan State University, and International Food Policy Research Institute hosted a half-day seminar to present findings from the Myanmar Aquaculture-Agriculture Survey (MAAS) in Mindon room at Sedona Hotel in Yangon on June 30th, 2017.

IMG_8795The seminar, which brought together policy makers, trade associations, civil society organizations, donors, researchers and other stakeholders in development community, shed light on a range of recent developments and trends in the aquaculture and agriculture sectors in Myanmar’s delta. The workshop presented key findings of a major survey on rural households conducted in Ayeyarwady and Yangon Regions in May 2016. The study was made possible by the generous support from the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), and Livelihoods and Food Security Trust Fund (LIFT).

IMG_8816The seminar included four presentations, two on aquaculture, one on agriculture, and one on mechanization. Dr. Benjamin Belton of Michigan State University presented the key findings on fish farming in the Delta. According to him, fish farming generates higher incomes per hectare than crop farming such as paddy cultivation. In addition, it creates more on-farm employment opportunities compared to agriculture. Dr. Mateusz Filipski of the International Food Policy Research Institute also stated in his presentation that fish farming generates higher income spillovers for non-farm households than agriculture; in fact, small-scale fish farms generate higher spillovers than large-scale ones.

IMG_8948Myat Thida Win of the Centre for Economic and Social Development presented evidence that farmers in the Delta have responded to labor migration and subsequent wage increases by rapidly substituting farm labor with machinery in a very short span of time. Ame Cho, also of the Centre for Economic and Social Development stated that land is unequally distributed among agricultural farms of different sizes. Yields are low particularly among small farms, and yet they are the most diversified in terms of crops grown.

The workshop concluded with U Tin Htut Oo, Board Chair of the Centre for Economic and Social Development and Chairman of Agriculture Group, Yoma Strategic Holdings Ltd. delivering closing remarks.

For more information on the workshop and CESD’s research, please contact: