Titled “Myanmar Labour Issues from the Perspective of Enterprises: Findings from a CESD survey among food processing and garment manufacturing businesses”, CESD’s latest report intends to help bridge the information gap in Myanmar’s labour market, based on an extensive survey of garment manufacturing and food processing sectors.

Cover page_Labour Market Report

In a rapidly-growing economic environment, a key obstacle facing the government of Myanmar lies not only in finding ways to generate sustainable economic growth, but also in facilitating inclusive development as part of this economic progress. It is widely-believed that Myanmar possesses the potential to continue experiencing significant economic growth, and a major part of this progressing development will rely heavily on job creation. Up until recently, data on Myanmar’s labour market has been sparse, limited to a scattering of mostly outdated surveys and statistics.

To help bridge this information gap, the Centre for Economic and Social Development (CESD), with funding from the International Development Resource Centre (IDRC), and support from Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) Gmbh and the Employers’ Activities Project of the International Labour Organisation (ILO) in Myanmar, has released a report detailing the findings of a recently implemented labour market survey. Titled “Myanmar Labour Issues from the Perspective of Enterprises: Findings from a CESD survey among food processing and garment manufacturing businesses”, the report focuses on the garment manufacturing and food processing sector.

These industries were chosen specifically because of their substantial impact on the Myanmar economy, accounting for more than half of the country’s gross manufacturing output, enterprises, and jobs. The objective of the survey and accompanying report is to provide information from the employer’s perspective, and in doing so, to help policy makers more knowledgeably design labour legislation focused on improving employment circumstances for both employee and employer.

198 randomly selected enterprises provided by the Industrial Zone Management Committees and the Myanmar Garment Manufacturers Association (MGMA) were surveyed based on a questionnaire designed by CESD and IDRC. The report seeks to provide detailed information on characteristics of the survey sample (Section 3), employment dynamics, labour turnover and workforce composition (Section 4), as well as education, skills, training and foreign labour (Section 5). Additionally, Sections 6 through 9 elaborate on labour rights and relations, wages and productivity, working time, and the relevance of Myanmar’s social security system in local employment.

The report concludes with policy recommendations provided in hopes of improving implementation of labour laws, reducing employee turnover rates, supporting human capital development, and improving relations between factories and their employees, along with additional guidance in response to the featured analysis mentioned above.

Please click here for an executive summary of the report in English: Executive Summary CESD Labour Market Report

Executive Summary in Burmese: EX- Summary_Labour issues(MM)

To access the full report or for information on CESD’s research, please write to: media.cesd@gmail.com