To build a better understanding of the economic and social drivers of rural development in Myanmar, CESD, in partnership with Michigan State University, and with funding from USAID and LIFT, will roll out two surveys in March 2016; on aquaculture, and on hope.
Over a 4 week period, a total of 1,200 households will be surveyed across two townships in Yangon, and two townships in Ayeywadday Region for the aquaculture survey, with a further 600 households surveyed in Mon State for a survey on the economics of hope.
The aquaculture survey will generate data on diverse topics, including historical changes in aquaculture operations, the impact of aquaculture on rural economic and social development, in terms of economic multipliers and employment, the level of mechanisation on farms, credit arrangements available for farmers, and land ownership issues. Separate modules will be used for surveying rice farmers and fish farmers, whilst demographic data will be collected across farming and non-farming households. The “hope” survey will explore the aspirations and opportunities for rural households (farming and non-farming households) in Mon State.
Preparations for the survey have involved more than four weeks of pre-testing, with CESD’s researchers using an initial draft of the survey, and experiences with initial survey respondents, to modify and enhance the survey experience. Feedback from researchers has resulted in changes to individual survey questions, changes in the structure of the survey, and inputs into the training for survey enumerators.
The CESD food security policy project team have tested the surveys in Yangon and Ayeywadday Regions and Mon State from late 2015, with the survey on schedule for rolling out in March 2016.