As part of CESD’s labour market reform research project, a face-to-face enterprise survey was undertaken in garment making and food processing factories in Yangon and Mon State from August to October 2015.
The survey questionnaire was designed by CESD researchers, with input from Dr Zaw Oo, CESD Executive Director, and representatives from the Ministry of Labour, Employment and Social Security (MoLES). The survey questionnaire was tested in June and July 2015, before being used to survey 205 selected factories.
The data collection process faced a number of challenges, including the need to obtain permission to collect the data, and some initial mistrust amongst stakeholders. By working closely with the Myanmar Garment and Manufacturing Association (MGMA) and MoLES, the CESD research team was able to secure permission to undertake the survey, and build trust amongst key stakeholders.
Face-to-face interviews were undertaken at factory sites, as well as with other stakeholders, including representatives from MGMA, trade unions, international buying companies, business services, advisory companies and academics.
Three research papers will be developed as a result of the survey, namely:
- Productivity of garment and agro-food processing sectors in Myanmar: Case study of Yangon Region and Mon State
- Myanmar’s new minimum wage: How did we get there? What are its likely effects?
- Industrial relations and labor protection of the garment and food processing sectors in Myanmar.
The research papers are expected to be published in April 2016.
CESD is partnering with the IDRC to support much-needed labour market reform in Myanmar