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Paper: Administering the State in Myanmar (overview of GAD)

The General Administration Department (GAD) of the Ministry of Home Affairs (MoHA) plays a wide range of roles, ranging from tax collection, to land management, and various registration and certification processes. The GAD also supports coordination and communication among the Union of Myanmar’s 36 government ministries, and connects the capital of Nay Pyi Taw to approximately 3,133 urban wards and 13,620 village tracts (representing 63,938 villages across Myanmar).

This report examines the historic evolution of “general administration” in Myanmar, and looks at the current roles, structures and functions of the GAD at the Union level, and at the state and region, district, township and ward and village tract levels of government.

The report is based on qualitative interviewing (in the cities of Nay Pyi Taw and Yangon, in Shan State, Mon State and the Ayeyarwaddy region), and a review of relevant laws and the GAD’s policy guidelines. A total of 35 key informant and focus group interviews were conducted between October 2013 and March 2014 with former and current GAD leaders and staff, political party representatives, members of parliament, government officers, village leaders, and civil society organisations

This report was generously funded by the United Kingdom’s Department for International Development (DFID).

Publication name: Subnational Governance in Myanmar Discussion paper #6: Administering the State in Myanmar (overview of GAD) [the General Administration Department]

Author(s): Kyi Pyar Chit Saw and Matthew Arnold

Supported by: The Asia Foundation and United Kingdom’s Department for International Development (DFID)

Publication date: October 2014

Language(s): Myanmar and English

Download the report from the following link(s):

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