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Yearly Archives: 2014
CESD, in collaboration with UNICEF, has taken advantage of increased transparency of Myanmar’s national budget, developing an analysis of government budgets over four fiscal years, from 2011-12 to 2014-15.
Some of the research findings from CESD and Michigan State University’s work in Myanmar’s agrifood sector were shared at the annual LIFT forum, held in Nay Pyi Taw on 25-26 November 2014.
A discussion paper series examining the decentralisation process in Myanmar – including the political, administrative, and fiscal aspects of decentralization – provides timely research on subnational governance issues to inform ongoing policy and reform processes.
CESD, together with Michigan State University, explored the changes in Myanmar’s pulse value chains from 1988 to 2013. During this period, private sector initiatives by Myanmar’s traders and farmers resulted in the growth of pulses into a billion dollar export industry. Multiple favorable events – the opening of the Indian market, rising domestic pulse prices, and simultaneously falling oilseed prices – favored and enabled this growth, which occurred with limited government interference or involvement.
The General Administration Department (GAD) of the Ministry of Home Affairs (MoHA) plays a wide range of roles, ranging from tax collection, to land management, and various registration and certification processes. The GAD also supports coordination and communication among the Union of Myanmar’s 36 government ministries, and connects the capital of Nay Pyi Taw to approximately 3,133 urban wards and 13,620 village tracts (representing 63,938 villages across Myanmar).
This program brief describes the training needs assessment, training program design and implementation for reforming Myanmar’s public financial management, conducted by The Asia Foundation, VNG International, and CESD.
It provides observations from the needs assessment and training sessions, and highlights key capacity needs in public financial management at the state and region level. It concludes with recommendations for continuing approaches on public financial management reform.
As part of a global survey to better understand economic competitiveness, MDRI-CESD surveyed 86 business executives in Myanmar, asking a series of questions relating to the environment in which they operate.
The Asia Development Bank’s diagnostic report for Myanmar, “Myanmar: unlocking the potential” (August 2014), looks at the policy challenges Myanmar faces on the path to social and economic development. Policy challenges include the need to strengthen market institutions, enhance governance and institutional capacity, improve infrastructure, develop human capital, and promote regional integration.