The Government of Myanmar and the Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation face important decisions about the future direction of agriculture. Myanmar’s agricultural potential is enormous given the country’s resource endowments and favorable geographic location. As growing water scarcity constrains production around the globe, and particularly in neighboring China and India, Myanmar’s water resources will offer a significant agricultural competitive advantage. In addition, the country’s diverse topography and eco-systems enable farmers to produce a wide range of cereals, pulses, horticulture, fruits, livestock and fish.
Combined with its strategic location between two enormous regional markets, in India and China, and easy access to buoyant markets in the Gulf, Myanmar’s farmers and agribusinesses find themselves well-positioned to succeed in regional and global agricultural markets. Thus, with rich natural resources (especially its major river systems), growing domestic and international markets, a stable exchange rate and strong interest from overseas investors, the
future is potentially very bright.
Major challenges, internal and external, must be addressed to secure this future. As an aid to decision-making, by government and donors, this paper addresses three tasks:
- providing an assessment of the current performance of agriculture in Myanmar
- conducting a diagnostic assessment of the opportunities and constraints faced by farmers and agribusiness that have hampered agricultural growth relative to its regional peers
- identifying actions that will be necessary to realize the considerable potential of agriculture in Myanmar to bring prosperity to the largest possible number of its citizens.
Publication name: Strategic choices for the future of agriculture in Myanmar – a summary paper
Author(s): Michigan State University (MSU) and MDRI-CESD
Supported by: USAID
Publication date: July 2013
Language(s): English and Myanmar
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